As many experienced gardeners and farmers know, it is important to rotate your crops from year to year. Crop rotation is the practice of growing different families of crops in the same area over a number of growing seasons. The main benefit is to the soil and its fertility, allowing nitrogen to be replenished through the use of legumes/green manure. Another benefit is the reduction of potential pest and disease problems as many insects or diseases will not have a chance to build up in sufficient numbers if their desired crop is planted in a different spot every year.

A common 3 year crop often includes:

  • Root vegetables
  • Legumes
  • Brassicas

A sample 6 year crop rotation might also look like this

  • Alliums
  • Legumes
  • Brassicas
  • Root vegetables
  • Cucurbits
  • Nightshades

For more information, OMAFRA (Ontario Ministry of Food, and Rural Affairs) has some good information on crop rotation and cover cropping.

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