Composting doesn’t have to be difficult or complicated. You don’t have to use fancy equipment or get into the technical side of how it works. If you want just the basic for composting, here are a few tips

1. Add Equal Parts Green and Brown Materials
Green materials typically are your fresh ingredients like vegetable scraps. Brown materials typically are your dried materials like fall leaves.

Bonus Tip: If you have a lot of green and brown materials, layer green and brown materials to make a lasagna style compost pile

2. Keep Compost Moist, But Not Too Wet Or Too Dry
Think about keeping it like a moist dishcloth – not too wet that it drips water everywhere, but not too dry that you can’t use it to wipe up a spill.

Bonus Tip: Water your compost pile if there is a drought or you notice the pile getting quite dry. You can also add watered down leftover fruit juice or the leftover liquid from boiling potatoes or other vegetables.

3. Aerate Every Few Weeks If Possible
If you can’t or don’t want to keep a regimented schedule, your compost will still be fine but it will just take a bit longer for everything to decompose and turn into rich organic matter. You can aerate the pile by physically turning it over with a garden fork or shovel, or you can poke holes in it with a garden fork or broom handle.

That covers the very basics when it comes to composting. It is a natural process we encourage everyone to do in our own garden to make it more self sufficient.

Cover Image by normanack, used under its Creative Commons license.

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